Solr, Jetty and CORS

Recently my pet project has been working on an Ember Data adapter that connects to Solr. This work combines two of my favorite technologies and I think has a lot of potential value for creating applications quickly and easily in Ember that leverage the full power of Solr as a persistence and retrieval engine. My fledgling project lives at It’s heavily based on EmberFire.

One issue I ran into, of course, is dealing with cross-origin requests in the browser. For my tests, my Ember app is running on localhost:4200 and my Solr server is running on localhost:8983. The browser, rightly, will refuse to let requests from my Ember app execute on Solr, unless the Solr server enables Cross-Origin Resource Sharing headers.

Solr 5 ships with Jetty, and it turns out there’s already a servlet filter that can do this for us. All we have to do is download it and configure it.

First, figure out which version of Jetty your Solr shipped with. Solr 5.0 comes with Jetty 8.1.10. Now head over to the jetty-servlets folder on the repository, drill down into the corresponding version, and download jetty-servlets-version.jar. Save the jar into $SOLR_HOME/server/lib.

Next, open $SOLR_HOME/server/etc/webdefault.xml in a text editor. Insert the following at bottom of the file, right before the closing </web-app> tag:



The third and final step is to start (or restart) your Solr server.

This example enables CORS requests for all origins. If you are going to do something like this on your production server, you probably want to lock this down using the allowedOrigins parameter.

The chainPreflight parameter is set to false so the filter will short-circuit when a browser sends a pre-flight OPTIONS request. This is necessary for Solr because the Solr update handler would respond with a 400 Bad Request since it doesn’t know what to do with an OPTIONS request.

You can find the other configuration parameters for the filter at


If you can’t or don’t want to use CORS, there are a couple other options available to you. You could have your Ember app proxy requests to Solr, you could deploy your Ember app on the same origin as your Solr server, or you could try to use JSON-P.